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Weekly Payroll Jobs and Wages in Australia, Week ending 17 September 2022 – Australian Bureau of Statistics

Detail
Payroll jobs and wages estimates, sourced from Single Touch Payroll (STP) data
Detail
Between the weeks ending 3 and 17 September 2022:
Wages see increased seasonality around September due to the payment of periodic bonuses in multiple industries. 
Monthly change periods presented in this release reflect the change between the reference date (which aligns with the Labour Force reference weeks) and the four weeks prior to it. Users should note that there are five weeks of data since the reference date of the previous release (week ending 13 August 2022).
In mid-2021, the emergence of the COVID-19 Delta variant resulted in both short and long term lockdowns during July through September. Annual change may appear higher than usual for some jurisdictions and industries due to the recovery in payroll jobs and wages from this period of downturn.
The next release, on 10 November 2022, will incorporate updated employer characteristics for 2022. This will result in revisions, mostly within 2022, to the level of indexes that include employer characteristics (industry, employment size and sector). Week to week movements will be largely unchanged.
Further detail is available in Upcoming changes
These estimates are not seasonally adjusted. Seasonality can affect the interpretation of change in payroll jobs and wages, particularly between sub-annual periods. While annual comparisons can assist in understanding underlying change, they are less useful when events such as public holidays or pandemic lockdowns don’t occur in the same week in both years. 
In addition, when comparing the change in payroll jobs and wages between any two periods, interpretation can be complicated by variations in their composition. Payroll job indexes are compiled from over 11 million jobs and variations in the types of jobs reported can result in compositional change (which is not quantified). For example, each payroll job in each week: 
Wages can be more heavily influenced by week-to-week change in composition, as the wages index reflects movements in aggregate wages and salaries paid (unlike the ABS Wage Price Index which presents changes in the price of labour unaffected by compositional shifts in the labour force, hours worked or employee characteristics). Variability in wages indexes in this release in any given week may be due to:
Compositional change can also differ at the industry or state and territory level, particularly when there are localised labour market issues.
The combination of seasonal effects and differences in composition can increase the volatility of week-on-week or month-on-month changes in these estimates. For these reasons, the ABS recommends using comparisons of the current month to the same month in the previous year, or 3 months prior, to understand any trends in the payroll jobs and wages estimates presented. These comparisons will likely reduce the impact of seasonal factors and compositional change, making trends easier to identify. 
This release sees higher than usual revisions in June 2022, as the 16 week imputation retention threshold passes through this period. These revisions mostly reflect the removal of previously imputed records, with the receipt of more complete data. Users should exercise caution when referring to estimates around this period. 
This release presents percentage change between the weeks ending 17 September 2022 and:
This differs for employment size estimates which are month lagged.
In the fortnight to 17 September 2022:
Estimates of change throughout this release are calculated using un-rounded index values. They may be different from, but are more accurate than, movements obtained from the rounded index values.
As of this release, the maps included in this section will present monthly change in payroll jobs (previously fortnightly change). 
All geographical areas in this release represent the residential address of the jobholder. 
In the fortnight to 17 September 2022, the largest changes in payroll jobs were:
 
This map presents the percentage change in payroll jobs in the month up to 17 September 2022, by the state and territory of the jobholder’s residential address. 
In the fortnight to 17 September 2022, the largest changes in total wages paid were:
Time series estimates of payroll jobs by sub-state regions (Statistical Area 4 (SA4), Statistical Area 3 (SA3) and Greater Capital City Area (GCCSA) regions) are presented as index values in Table 5 of the Data downloads. 
For more information on the geography used in this release, see the Glossary.
This map presents the percentage change in payroll jobs in the month up to 17 September 2022, by the GCCSA region of the jobholder’s residential address. 
The ACT only has one GCCSA region for the entire Territory.
Indexes of persons aged 15-19 years old by sex can be affected by a higher proportion of records with unknown sex than other age groups. For more information, see the Update of jobholder characteristics in the historical Methods review
In the fortnight to 17 September 2022, the largest changes in payroll jobs were:
a. Persons with ‘unknown’ sex and age are only included in the calculation of All persons indexes. For more information, see Inclusion of unknown characteristics in How data are processed.
In the fortnight to 17 September 2022, the largest changes in total wages paid were:
a. Persons with ‘unknown’ sex and age are only included in the calculation of All persons indexes. For more information, see Inclusion of unknown characteristics in How data are processed.
Time series estimates of payroll jobs by 5 year age groups by sex are presented as index values in Table 8 of the Data downloads. 
In the fortnight to 17 September 2022, the largest changes in payroll jobs were:
Some industries experience pronounced seasonality in either payroll jobs and wages or both. For more information, see Seasonality in Data variability and revisions.
In the fortnight to 17 September 2022, the largest changes in total wages paid were:
Time series estimates of payroll jobs by industry subdivision are presented as index values in Table 6 of the Data downloads. For more information on the industry classifications used in this release, see the Glossary
Time series estimates of payroll jobs by private sector for selected industry divisions are presented as index values in Table 9 of the Data downloads. More information on the sector classification can be found in Updating characteristics variables in How data are processed and the Glossary
The ABS has previously advised caution in using the most recent periods in payroll jobs by employment size indexes, which are subject to higher than usual revisions over a longer period – particularly for small employers. These indexes are more heavily influenced by changes in reporting behaviour and reporting obligations than other indexes, affecting the interpretation of underlying change in labour market conditions. To provide more stability at the end point of these series, a month lag in the reference week is in place. 
These estimates present percentage change between the weeks ending 13 August 2022 and:
30 July 2022, for fortnight
16 July 2022, for month
14 August 2021 for year
In the fortnight to 13 August 2022, the largest changes in payroll jobs were:
To aid in the interpretability of payroll job estimates, the following data download contains selected distributions of jobholder and employer characteristics by state and territory. 
Records with ‘unknown’ characteristics have been excluded from the calculation of proportions. For more information on the source, impact and proportion of unknowns, see the Updating characteristic variables and Inclusion of unknown characteristics sections of How data are processed
Contains selected distributions of jobholder and employer characteristics. 
Within the Methodology page, updates occurred within:
How data are processed: pay frequency graph in Imputation subsection
The next release, on 10 November 2022, will include an update to employer characteristics, reflecting a snapshot from the ABS Business Register as at June 2022. Information on how STP data are enhanced through combining other administrative data held by the ABS, are found in the Updating characteristics variables subsection of How data are processed
The update will improve the quality of indexes that include industry, employment size and sector. Revisions in these indexes will be primarily from the week ending 1 January 2022 forward, where some existing characteristics are refreshed and previously unknown characteristics are populated. 
Additional detail on the impacts of this change will be included in the next release on 10 November 2022.
Previously published articles and information of interest are linked below:
This release previously used catalogue number 6160.0.55.001.
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